History of Psychoanalysis

The International Association for the History of Psychoanalysis [ Version Française] is developing resources on psychoanalytic history, with an international (non Anglo-Saxon) orientation. They have a journal available online in pdf format. The journal, and some, but not all of the web site, are translated into English.

The Library of Congress had an exhibit on Freud: Conflict & Culture

A journal (not online) devoted to the history of psychoanalysis: Psychoanalysis & History

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Major Thinkers & Schools

Sigmund Freud and the Freud Archives has links to Freud related sites. See also the Freud Museum, London

Some Freud resources: The Freud Web [maintained by David B. Stevenson]. Also, a reading guide to: Freud: On Narcissism.

Various Freud materials, including a detailed bibiography by Alexander Grinstein and the opportunity to hear Sigmund Freud's voice. The only known recording. Also, a three-minute film of Freud with his family .

Various resources devoted to the life and work of Anna Freud, including pictures, a biography, and a bibliography.

Modern Psychoanalysis is a school of thought originated by Hyman Spotnitz and further developed by Phyllis W. Meadow, among others. It emphasizes the role of early preverbal experience in the development of character and in the analytic process.

The Self Psychology Page has material building on the ideas of Heinz Kohut

The Jung Page is a good starting point for information on Jung and Jungian treatment. Also see the International Association for Analytical Psychology

The Melanie Klein Trust is a place to start for Kleinian thinking.

A site devoted to the contributions of Edith Buxbaum is under development by Esther Altshul Helfgott: The Edith Buxbaum Journal.

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Debates and Controversy About the Status of Psychoanalysis

Burying Freud, web site devoted to debates about the value and scientific credibility of psychoanalysis.

Jonathan Lear, a University of Chicago philospher, published, in the New Republic, a response to recent critiques of psychoanalysis: A Counterblast In The War On Freud: The Shrink Is In

Adolf Grünbaum has a 1998 paper outlining his critique of psychoanalysis: A century of psychoanalysis: Critical retrospect and prospect

[From the Introduction by Paolo Migone] He concluded, differently from the previous philosophical positions, that psychoanalysis is "scientifically alive", even if, due to its state of research, "currently hardly well" (Grünbaum, 1984, p. 278). It is for this reason that, paradoxically, and despite many psychoanalysts see Grünbaum as an enemy, we could say that form the epistemological point of view he "saved" psychoanalysis, because he conceded it the dignity of being a science, which Popper and neopositivism never did. It is only after having established its scientific status that it becomes possible to begin to test, one after the other, its various theoretical assumptions, as many psychotherapy researchers are trying to do.
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Literature, Poetry, Film, and Art

The great psychoanalytic literary critic Norm Holland maintains the web site for the Institute for Psychological Study of the Arts (IPSA). Also available there is PsyArt: An Online Journal for the Psychological Study of the Arts which has a strong psychoanalytic component. They also have Abstracts and Bibliographies for the years 1993-1996.

Forum for the Psychoanalytic Study of Film

THE FORUM FOR THE PSYCHOANALYTIC STUDY OF FILM is an international interdisciplinary organization that is open to everyone. It provides opportunities for people interested in psychoanalysis and film to exchange ideas via screenings, conferences and our magazine, Projections.

The Mind and Music Project includes psychoanalytic and other perspectives on music.

A "psychoanalytic novel in verse" by psychoanalyst Howard Shevrin: The Dream Interpreters

The Argument: The action in this novel takes place in a psychiatric institution located in a small eastern Tennessee city during the late fifties. The place is undergoing an upheaval because a new director of research is being sought. There is a strong internal candidate, Dr. Victor Kleinman, who is a psychoanalyst and gifted theoretician. He is supported by most but not all the psychoanalysts, and opposed by most researchers who see him as knowing nothing about research. The politics surrounding this search weave in and out of the seven psychoanalyses that comprise the main action.

Glen O. Gabbard discusses the role of psychiatrists in cinema: The Cinematic Psychiatrist, as does Ben Green (who also deals with how patients are viewed): Psychiatry in the Cinema

The award-winning documentary: Flight From Death: The Quest for Immortality is based on the work of spychoanalytic anthropologist Ernest Becker.

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Psychoanalytic Contributions to Social Issues

A Harvard Conference from May, 2003 on Why Psychoanalysis? A Symposium on the Value of Psychoanalysis for Contemporary Life can be viewed online (requires free RealPlayer). Speakers included: Lynn Hunt, Anne Anlin Cheng, Nancy J. Chodorow, Kimberlyn Leary, Adrienne Harris, and Jonathan Lear.

Here is the classic Einstein-Freud Correspondence (1931-1932) Why War?

Psychoanalysts for Peace and Justice is a new organization founded during the build-up to the Iraq war and devoted to bringing psychoanalytic insights to social issues and bridging psychoanalysis and contemporary social movements. [Truth in advertising: I am a founder of PPJ and maintain the web site.]

Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture & Society

If we are to begin to solve our most serious social problems, we must understand their psychological roots. Many of these problems, including violence, drug abuse, irresponsible sexuality, and intolerance in its various forms, will be extremely difficult if not impossible to solve unless we address the psychological roots that are the immediate causes of these destructive behaviors.

The International Society for the Psychoanalytic Study of Organizations "provides a forum for academics, clinicians, consultants and others interested in working in and with organizations utilizing psychoanalytic concepts and insights."

Robert M. Young (UK) & Toma Tomov (Bulgaria) edit an online journal devoted to "bring(ing) psychoanalytic and related psychodynamic approaches to bear on group, institutional, cultural and political processes." Human Relations, Authority, and Justice: Experiences and Critiques

Peter H. Wolf Why psychoanalysis is still interesting?

A brief survey of contemporary papers, keynote addresses and panels presented at official psychoanalytic congresses, suggests that the politically subversive implications of psychoanalysis are now judged to be out of date and irrelevant, socially inappropriate, or divisive and therefore best forgotten. Yet, I believe that, given the far reaching theoretical and clinical consequences of today's sanitized psychoanalysis, many of the questions once raised by the Freudian Left are even more pertinent today....
Does the claim of neutrality cover up the reactionary intent of clinical practice to explain away the social basis of human miseries by reducing them to "intrapsychic conflicts" and discouraging dissent?

For a view of history from a psychological & psychodynamic perspective: The Institute for Psychohistory

Sociologist Thomas J. Scheff has spent a career exploring, from a microsociological perspective, many of the phenomenon of interest to psychoanalysts, including a detailed examination of the role of shame and rage as causes of war. His web site has many goodies worth examining. See, for example Male Emotions/Relationships and Violence: A Theory of Humiliated Fury or Emotion, alienation, and narratives: resolving intractable conflict (Suzanne Retzinger and Thomas Scheff). For psychoanalysts, his Review of Freudian Repression: Conversation Creating the Unconscious, by Michael Billig is very interesting in its discussion of repression from a sociological perspective.

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Psychoanalytic Research

My collection of Psychoanalytic Research Resources, created for the Center for Research, Evaluation, and Program Development of the Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis

Peter Fonagy has edited (with John Clarkin, Andrew Gerber, Horst Kächele, Rainer Krause, Enrico E. Jones, Roger Perron, and Elizabeth Allison) An Open Door Review of Outcome Studies in Psychoanalysis.

t covers many of the studies of the outcome of psychoanalytic treatment carried out in Europe and North America over the past decades. It is intended as a resource to those who wish to further their knowledge of the effects of intensive psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
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Dreams & Dreaming

Of interest is the Association for the Study of Dreams (ASD), which publishes a popular magazine: Dream Time. See the Dream Time Articles Online. ASD also publishes a journal: Dreaming. See: Dreaming Journal Articles Online.

Adam Schneider & G. William Domhoff have a site devoted to: The Quantitative Study of Dreams. It is based on Domhoff's: A New Neurocognitive Theory of Dreams.

[D]reaming is best understood as a developmental cognitive achievement that depends upon the maturation and maintenance of a specific network of forebrain structures. The output of this neural network for dreaming is guided by a "continuity principle" linked to current personal concerns on the one hand and a "repetition principle" rooted in past emotional preoccupations on the other.
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Cognitive Science and Psychoanalysis

One recent development in cognitive science that I believe has great potential for psychoanalysis is the work on conceptual blending by Mark Turner and Gilles Fauconnier in their book The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books 2002). [ See also: Center for the Cognitive Science of Metaphor Online As of this time, a Danish website is under development: International Website for Research in Mental Space and Conceptual Integration Theory]

Related to Conceptual Blending is the work on the bodily basis of metaphor by George Lakoff, Mark Johnson, and colleagues. The Conceptual Metaphor Home Page has descriptions of dozens of bodily metaphors identified by George Lakoff. It is intended as a research resource. Tim Rohrer has a nice discussion of the philosophical issues involved in metaphor theory and its relationship to neurobiology: The Cognitive Science of Metaphor from Philosophy to Neuroscience (pdf). Also available is his dissertation: When Metaphors Bewitch, Analogies Illustrate, And Logic Fails: Controversies Over The Use Of Metaphoric Reasoning In Philosophy And Science The paper Blending and Metaphor by Joseph E. Grady, Todd Oakley, & Seana Coulson explore the relationship between the Lakoff-Johnson and the Fauconnier-Turner approach.

And now for something completely different. Robotics confronts psychoanalysis: Volitron: On a Psychodynamic Robot and Its Four Realities

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Neuroscience, Biology, and Psychoanalysis

Humberto Nagera's Reflections on Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience: Normality and Pathology in Development, Brain Stimulation, Programming, and Maturation (pdf). Published in Neuropsychoanalysis.

Psychologist and writer Lauren Slater has a nice piece on the life and work of Harry Harlow, whose work influenced attachment and object relations theories: Monkey love: Harry Harlow's classic primate experiments suggest that to understand the human heart you must be willing to break it.

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Patients' Perspectives

The Psychoanalytic Experience: Analysands SpeaK is an anthology of voices from the client's perspective.

Writer Michael Roloff has an excerpt from his book A Patient's Experience of his Analyses, including an extensively annotated dream analysis: THE MULEGE AMOEBA DREAM...

Esther Altshul Helfgott is posting her: Psychoanalysis. The Magic and The Lie: Diary of a Five Day A Week Analysis.

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Online Audio/Video Lectures, Interviews, and Discussions

Hear Anna Freud, Humberto Nagera, and others! Obsessional Neuroses Developmental Psychopathology from the 1965 IPA Amsterdam Congress.

These lectures provide the ability to hear a Mini-Course in Psychoanalytic Theory and Psychodynamic Psychiatry (Anna Freud Diagnostic Profile Series), presented by Humberto Nagera based on Anna Freud's Diagnostic Profile.

Interviews with several pioneers of American psychoanalysis are available courtesy of the Carter Jenkins Center. They also have many lectures by more contemporary figures, including Paulina and Otto Kernberg, Charles Brenner, Humberto Nagera, and Henry Krystal.

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Online Journals and Major Web Sites

PSYCHOMEDIA (English language home page), an Italian web site with extensive coverage of psychology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis, has a collection of English language papers.

Psychoanalysis for Real People is a new site, open to a wide range of contributions exploring the unconscious. Browsing, I found quite a number of interesting, thought-provoking pieces.

An online journal, Psychology of the Self Online, has recently started publishing.

JPCS: Journal for the Psychoanalysis of Culture & Society

JPCS is the official publication of the Association for the Psychoanalysis of Culture & Society, an international and interdisciplinary organization. The journal publishes articles, reviews, field notes, international notes, and letters to the editor that employ psychoanalysis to address the psychological roots or consequences of social and cultural phenomena in such a way as to enhance the possibilities for social change.

Another free online journal with an open publication policy: The Electronic Journal of Communicative Psychoanalysis

he Electronic Journal of Communicative Psychoanalysis (EJCP) is an autonomous multi-lingual international publication, independent of institutions or societies. It is committed to the publishing of all signed contributions by allowing that ideas are judged on their own merit, regardless of theoretical following, institutional loyalty or personal allegiance.

Psybernetika is a student-written journal from Simon Fraser University. A number of the articles are on psychoanalytic themes. The last issue appears to have come out in 2000.

Cheryl Martin maintains a web site; Psyche Matters, with many full-test papers [by Bollas, Fonagy, Appel, Ogden, Stolorow, among many others], author and subject bibliographies, conference information, and many links to psychoanalytically-related sites.

Myron Pulier maintains Psychoanalytic Resources

The Centre for Psychotherapeutic Stuies maintains The Centre's Guides to the Internet an extensive listing, including several philosophically-oriented sites, as well as extensive information on psychoanalytically-oriented listserves.

Yet another general portal to psychoanalytic resources: Psychoanalyse Online.

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Print Journals

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Psychoanalyst Bernard W. Bail has a new site devoted to promoting his perspective he calls: Holistic Psychoanalysis.

The Rapaport-Klein Study Group meets annually at the Austin Riggs Center. Their web site has many papers presented to the study group by prominent psychoanalysts and psychoanalytically-oriented colleagues. For example: Sidney Blatt, Charles Hanly, Peter Fonagy, Robert Holt, Drew Westen, Peter Wolff, Arnold Modell and Robert Wallerstein, among many others.

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Psychoanalytic Reference Sources

The American Psychoanalytic Association has the Jourlit/Bookrev databases with Online Access. It is "a large searchable bibliography of psychoanalytic j ournal articles, books, and book reviews. The complete set of references consists of over 34,000 entries."

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Psychoanalytic Societies and Organizations

The Society of Modern Psychoanalysts

The Association for Autonomous Psychoanalytic Institutes " A psychoanalytic Institute is considered to be autonomous if it does not belong to a psychoanalytic association that dictates and overseas the training program."

The International Psychoanalytic Association

The American Psychoanalytic Association

National Association for the Advancement of Psychoanalysis

The Psychoanalytic Connection is a Web-based community of psychoanalytic clinicians and scholars. Paid membership is required.

The Lacanian World Association of Psychoanalysis

The International Federation of Psychoanalytic Societies

The IFPS is committed to the concept of pluralism in psychoanalysis as well as to the interdisciplinary exchange in matters of micro- and macrosocial interest. Complete organizational and scientific autonomy as well as equal standing of all Member Societies are essential preconditions to the federation.

National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis

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Complied by Stephen Soldz

Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis
1581 Beacon St.
Brookline, MA 02446

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Statistics Resources
& Psychoanalysts for Peace and Justice

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