BGSP Research Resources

Compiled by Stephen Soldz

for the Center for Research, Evaluation, and Program Development

Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis

A collection of resources to aid research in psychoanalysis and allied disciplines.

CONTENTS

Psychoanalytic Research
Psychotherapy Research
Dreams & Fantasy
Emotions
Personality
Psychology — Other Branches
Cognitive Science
Neuroscience
Psychiatry
Substance Abuse
Violence
Longitudinal
Social Science
Medicine
Evaluation
General Research Resources
Research Methodology
Qualitative Research
Research Software
Public Data Sets
Administer Surveys
Writing Research Papers
Research Funding
Political/Social Context
Contact Us

Psychoanalytic Research

The Psychoanalytic Research Consortium. has extensive psychoanalytic material available for use by reserchers and educators. They have approximately 18,000 tape-recorded psychoanalytic hours available for study. Transcripts or tapes can be obtained by researchers for a modest fee. They describe themselves as follows:

The Psychoanalytic Research Consortium (PRC) is a not-for-profit organization of researchers promoting basic psychoanalytic research, primarily through the use of our library of audiotape recorded sessions of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic or psychodynamic therapy. We are primarily interested in exploring the relationships between the processes of psychoanalytic work and the benefit to the patient, particularly l ong-term benefit. We support a group of research-minded psychoanalysts who have developed ANALYTIC PROCESS SCALES for investigating recorded sessions.... We wish specifically to encourage research endeavors by individual analysts who may not have an elaborate research design, but simply an interesting idea.

The Psychoanalytic Research Society is Section VI of the American Psychological Association's Division of Psychoanalysis (Division 39). At this point, their web site is fairly sparse.

Robert S. Wallerstein has written an overview of Psychoanalytic Therapy Research: An Overview. (Don't worry. Only the Abstract is in Italian.)"

Peter Fonagy has edited (with John Clarkin, Andrew Gerber, Horst Kächele, Rainer Krause, Enrico E. Jones, Roger Perron, and Elizabeth Allison) An Open Door Review of Outcome Studies in Psychoanalysis.

t covers many of the studies of the outcome of psychoanalytic treatment carried out in Europe and North America over the past decades. It is intended as a resource to those who wish to further their knowledge of the effects of intensive psychoanalytic psychotherapy.

The Columbia University Center for Psychoanalytic Training and Research, with support form the Glass Foundation has available the Columbia Glass Fellowship in Psychoanalytic Research

The Fund for Psychoanalytic Research gives grants. Next deadline: Nov. 1, 2003. Their Recent Awards page is a nice list of recent work in the field!

The Research Division of the New York Psychoanalytic Society and Institute has training programs and seminars for research-minded students and colleagues.

Peter Fonagy's paper Grasping the Nettle: or Why Psychoanalytic Research is such an Irritant, the Annual Research Lecture of The British Psycho-Analytical Society, 2000.

The Pacella Parent Child Center has a list of grants and publications utilizing their data: "intensive one-on-one weekly observation of the child play and his or her interaction with mother, staff, and other children as well as an intensive weekly interview about the child's development with his mother."

Of course, a major trend in psychoanalytic research is Lester Luborsky's Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT). Here are a few web sources to get one started: A Guide to the CCRT's Methods, Discoveries and Future; The CCRT of Psychotic, Borderline, and Neurotic Personality Organization (pdf) by Louis Deger, et.al.; & Study of a Psychoanalytic Process using the Core Conflictual Relationship Theme (CCRT) Method according to the Ulm Process Model by Cornelia Albani, Dan Pokorny*, Gerd Blaser, Susanne König, Helmut Thomä, & Horst Kächele.

Here is a little-known (in the US) approach to the collection and analysis of psychoanalytic materials: The JAKOB Archive: Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Research at the University of Zurich: Presentation of the database and research methods in the field of clinical narration (pdf).

Abstract: The Department of Clinical Psychology I represents the psychoanalytically oriented section of the Institute of Psychology at the University of Zurich. For the past 10 years the department’s research has placed emphasis on content analytical and qualitative investigations of patient narratives. These narratives are obtained through the department’s own psychotherapy department practice and examined using the JAKOB narrative analysis developed specifically for this purpose. For the data collection a high quality video system is available. All data and research results are systematically administered in the JAKOB database.

Drew Westen and colleagues are doing a lot of work on psychoanalytic themes, including studies assessing personality pathology based on psychodynamic constructs, and work integrating psychoanalysis with social-cognitive theory. The Laboratory of Personality and Psychopathology at Emory University has many Publications and Manuals, Measures, and Software, etc., available. Especially interesting are the SWAP 200 Q-Sort, and the various measures of Social Cognition and Object Relations (SCORS).

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Psychotherapy Research

The premier organization is the Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR), with its chapter the North American Society for Psychotherapy Research (NASPR).

Psychotherapy Research Worldwide is a list of web sites for the leading psychotherapy researchers, from Norman Abeles to George Woody. [A number of the links are broken]

The now deceased Journal of Psychotherapy Research and Practice has made its complete online archives available for free.

An Annual Review of Psychology survey of Individual Psychotherapy Process and Outcome Research: Challenges Leading to Greater Turmoil or a Positive Transition? by Mark Kopta

Daniel B. Fishman argues the need for a new paradigm of psychotherapy research: Transcending the Efficacy Versus Effectiveness Research Debate: Proposal for a New, Electronic "Journal of Pragmatic Case Studies", with 3 commentaries, including Stanley B. Messer's A Psychodynamic Clinician Responds to Fishman's Case Study Proposal

Wolfgang Lutz and colleagues provide evidence for a dose-response relationship in psychotherapy: Prediction of Dose–Response Relations Based on Patient Characteristics (pdf). This work has been expanded into an outcomes monitoring system. Several papers on the logic and functioning of such systems by Lutz are available here.

Alan Kazdin surveys The State of Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy Research.

Klaus G. Deissler & Walter Zitterbarth attempt to transcend traditional quantitative psychotherapy research in: Psychotherapy Research as Social Discourse - Proposal for the Qualitative Research of Therapeutic Collaboration

The Psychotherapy Research Program (PRP) at Massachusetts General Hospital "was formed to study empirically both the process and outcome of psychotherapy for a range of psychiatric disorders." Several of their papers are available online.

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Dreams & Fantasy

Of interest is the Association for the Study of Dreams (ASD), which publishes a popular magazine: Dream Time. See the Dream Time Articles Online. ASD also publishes a journal: Dreaming. See: Dreaming Journal Articles Online.

Adam Schneider & G. William Domhoff have a site devoted to: The Quantitative Study of Dreams. It is based on Domhoff's: A New Neurocognitive Theory of Dreams.

[D]reaming is best understood as a developmental cognitive achievement that depends upon the maturation and maintenance of a specific network of forebrain structures. The output of this neural network for dreaming is guided by a "continuity principle" linked to current personal concerns on the one hand and a "repetition principle" rooted in past emotional preoccupations on the other.
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Emotions

The Emotion Home Page has links to a number of sources on emotions (of course).

The Cognition And Affect Project

The main goal of this project is to understand the types of architectures that are capable of accounting for the whole range of human (and non-human) mental states and processes, including not only intelligent capabilities, such as the ability to learn to find your way in an unfamiliar town and the ability to think about infinite sets, but also moods, emotions, desires, and the like. For instance, we have investigated whether the ability to have emotional states is an accident of animal evolution or an inevitable consequence of design requirements and constraints, for instance in resource-limited intelligent robots.
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Personality

William Revelle maintains The Personality Project--Overview , with links to many personality-theory resources.

C. George Boeree has created an e-textbook of Personality Theories, organized by theoretician. A number of psychoanalysts are included.

G. Scott Acton Great Ideas in Personality site "deals with scientific research programs in personality psychology. They are offered as candidates for the title "great ideas"; whether they are indeed great remains an open question." Of special interest is Kristen M. Beystehner's article Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to Human Personality, along with multiple commentaries.

Robert R. Holt has a classic article available: Individuality and Generalization in the Psychology of Personality: A Theoretical Rationale for Personality Assessment and Research which argues against the value of a nomothetic-ideographic split in approaches to personality assessment.

The conception of two kinds of disciplines, a nomothetic science to study general principles and find abstract laws, and an idiographic science to study individuality, arose as a protest against a narrow conception of science in the nineteenth century. But the romantic movement of which it was a part started from fallacious premises, such as the conception that science is defined by its subject matter rather than its method, and its radical principles were never actually applied in pure form by any of its adherents. The idiographic point of view is an artistic one that strives for a nonscientific goal; the nomothetic, a caricature that bears little resemblance to the best contemporary work in the "hard" sciences. Since no useful purpose is served by retaining these mischievous and difficult terms, they had best disappear from our scientific vocabularies.
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Psychology — Other Branches

An amazing resource on early psychology: Classics in the History of Psychology, maintained by Christopher D. Green of York University.

A source of links for all branches of psychology: . PsycHits. It has a page of psychoanalytic links. [The site seems to be very slow.]

Psych Web is a site containing "lots of psychology-related information for students and teachers of psychology." Includes many resources on careers in psychology.

Resources for the Teaching of Social Psychology contains lecture notes, activities, topic resources, etc..

The American Psychological Association had an online journal, Prevention & Treatment which "printed" articles with commentaries.

Psycoloquy "is a refereed international, interdisciplinary electronic journal sponsored by the American Psychological Association." It is especially strong in cognitive psychology and related areas.

Current Research in Social Psychology (CRISP) "is a peer reviewed, electronic journal covering all aspects of social psychology."

A good beginning for those interested in Interpersonal Theory. See also Interpersonal Theory References & Interpersonal Complementarity.

Here is a good starting point for resources on Attachment Theory. Also see the Attachment Theory and Research Center @ Stonybrook and the Attachment Research Center.

Personal Construct Psychology (PCP) is a vibrant psychological tradition, based on the work of George Kelly, which put human subjectivity at the core of psychological theorizing. PCP has given birth to several therapeutic and research technologies, including the repertory grid. A comprehensive resource page is: Personal Construction Theory & Repertory Grid. Other PCP pages include: The PCP Info Site and, starting in 2004 the internet journal Personal Construct Theory & Practice and the The Internet Encyclopaedia of Personal Construct Psychology. Another resource is the PCP References Database. See also the North American Personal Construct Network (NAPCN) site. Chris Evans has provided access to his and other free: Rep Grid computer programs. Kelly's Repertory Grid can be experienced online or used for major research by utilizing WebGrid III a free program by Brian R Gaines and Mildred L G Shaw. Their Kelly's "Geometry of Psychological Space" and its Significance for Cognitive Modeling is also available, as are numerous other papers by them on PCP and its relationship to cognitive science, education, and knowledge acquisition & modeling.

Narrative Psychology is a relatively new approach focusing on the process of individual construction of meaning through "storytelling". This huge site is devoted to it: Narrative Psychology: Internet and Resource Guide. Psychoanalysts will be especially interested in their page on Psychanalysis & Depth Psychologies

The newest craze in psychology is positive psychology. Its foremost proponent is Martin Seligman. He has a web site with many classic and new psychological scales available: Authentic Happiness.

The Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences attempts to apply chaos theory to living phenomena. It has links to other sites on chaos theory and fractals, etc. Their journal Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences is now available online.

William Swann is a major social psychologist whose work deals with how one evaluates ones self in comparison with others and other aspects of social perception. His Web Site has many of his papers accessible.

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Cognitive Sciences

Cogprints is "an electronic archive for self-archive papers in any area of Psychology, neuroscience, and Linguistics, and many areas of Computer Science (e.g., artificial intelligence, robotics, vison, learning, speech, neural networks), Philosophy (e.g., mind, language, knowledge, science, logic) , Biology (e.g., ethology, behavioral ecology, sociobiology, behaviour genetics, evolutionary theory), Medicine (e.g., Psychiatry, Neurology, human genetics, Imaging), Anthropology (e.g., primatology, cognitive ethnology, archeology, paleontology), as well as any other portions of the physical, social and mathematical sciences that are pertinent to the study of cognition." For example, Moam Chomsky's classic A Review of B. F. Skinner's Verbal Behavior is available here.

CogNews is a "news site for the cognitive sciences -- neurology, psychology, artificial intelligence, philosophy, linguistics, biology, sociology, anthropolgy and more. Basically anything that has to do with thinking, intelligence or how the mind works."

For basic writing by and about leading thinkers in cognitive science, from Frederic Bartlett and Jean Piaget, to David Chalmers and Gerald Edelman, go to: Celebrities in Cognitive Science. To see what these major cognitive scientists look like (pictures), go to: gallery of Cognitive Scientists.

Piero Scaruffi has complied a Webliography of Mind-related Topics which links an extremely large number of web resources on cognitive science. He also has an incredible: Annotated Bibliography of Mind-related Topics.

One recent development in cognitive science that I believe has great potential for psychoanalysis is the work on conceptual blending by Mark Turner and Gilles Fauconnier in their book The Way We Think: Conceptual Blending and the Mind's Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books 2002). [ See also: Center for the Cognitive Science of Metaphor Online As of this time, a Danish website is under development: International Website for Research in Mental Space and Conceptual Integration Theory]. A related web site is Metaphor Review by Author, with introductions to classic and contemporary authors on metaphor, including Gilles Fauconnier, Mark Turner and George Lakoff.

Related to Conceptual Blending is the work on the bodily basis of metaphor by George Lakoff, Mark Johnson, and colleagues. The Conceptual Metaphor Home Page has descriptions of dozens of bodily metaphors identified by George Lakoff. It is intended as a research resource. Another resource is the metaphors of mind database: ATT-Meta Project Databank: Examples of Usage of Metaphors of Mind . Tim Rohrer has a nice discussion of the philosophical issues involved in metaphor theory and its relationship to neurobiology: The Cognitive Science of Metaphor from Philosophy to Neuroscience (pdf). Also available is his dissertation: When Metaphors Bewitch, Analogies Illustrate, And Logic Fails: Controversies Over The Use Of Metaphoric Reasoning In Philosophy And Science The paper Blending and Metaphor by Joseph E. Grady, Todd Oakley, & Seana Coulson explore the relationship between the Lakoff-Johnson and the Fauconnier-Turner approach.

The Observer Web: Autopoiesis and Enaction provides an introduction to the theories of Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela.

The work of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) has been extraordinarily influential. Many of his works, and works of his students are available at the: Lev Vygotsky Archive. See also the broader site: Psychology and Marxism.

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Neuroscience

The Brain Connection has many resources to help learn about neural structure and function. Much of their material is practically oriented (e.g. Autism in the Classroom). Of special interest to BGSP/ISV folks is the Motivation and Emotion section. The also have a biweekly e-newsletter Brain Buzz

The Whole Brain Atlas has extensive resources to help locate virtually any brain structure, or understand the effects of various illnesses on the brain.

dana.org, the web site of the Dana Foundation has extensive links to pure and applied resources on the brain

David Lane and Zhihua Tang have designed a Multimedia Textbook in Behavioral Neuroscience, with a number of contributors, and support from the NSF Division of Undergraduate Education. Topics include: Language, Attention and Perception, Thinking, and Autism.

Matthew D. Lieberman's Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory is examining the interface of neurobiology and social behavior. For an introduction to their work, see The Emergence of Social Cognitive Neuroscience. Most notable is their recent study suggesting a biological link between physical pain and the pain of social exclusion: Images Show a Snub Really Is Like Kick in the Gut (news article), actual paper by Naomi Eisenberger, Matthew Lieberman, & Kipling Williams from Science: Does Rejection Hurt? An fMRI Study of Social Exclusion; comment in Science by Jaak Panksepp: Feeling the Pain of Social Loss. To listen to a BBC discussion, click here.

Neuro Scholar: Knowledge Management of the Neuroscientific literature
Among their goals are:

  1. To develop a general framework for the knowledge-management of published information in general (involving automated communication with other databases).
  2. To design and implement a formal computational approach to studying the neural basis of behavior by representing each of the various different types of neuroscientific papers that are relevant to this issue, including those that describe ethological, physiological, neuroanatomical and neurochemical experiments.

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Psychiatry

Psychiatry Online is the first online psychiatry journal. They also have Child and Adolescent Psychiatry On-Line and Transcultural Mental Health On-Line

Many materials on mental disorders and related topics are available from the National Institute of Mental health.

Asperger Syndrome is a newly-identified condition receiving a lot of attention. O.A.S.I.S. - Online Asperger Syndrome Information & Support has a variety of materials, including a number of classic papers, diagnostic scales, etc.

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Substance Abuse

SAMHSA (the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration) maintains the National Center for Alcohol and Drug Abuse Information (NCADI) which is the main Federal repository for substance abuse information. Many reports, monographs, etc., can be ordered there, most for free. Similarly, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has many documents online. Of special interest is the classic Research report Psychodynamics of Drug Dependence (pdf) (Published in 1977. Many of the most important psychoanalytic thinkers on addictions are included). The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) also has many publications also available.

Join Together Online has extensive research, practice, and policy news on substance abuse and gun violence. One can search their website, or sign up for daily or weekly e-mail alerts.

The Prevention Research Center provides Prevention in the News, updated hourly.

Stanton Peele Addiction Web Site has a number of works by Stanton Peele, challenging the conventional view of drug use and abuse.

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Violence

Check out Resources for the Study of Violence, constructed by me for BGSP's Institute for the Study of Violence

Join Together Online has extensive research, practice, and policy news on substance abuse and gun violence. One can search their website, or sign up for daily or weekly e-mail alerts.

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Longitudinal & Life-Course Studies

The Murray Research Center at Radcliffe, in Cambridge, MA, collects longitudinal data sets, which are are available by request from the Center. They also have an excellent Brown Bag Lecture Series on longitudinal research and life-course studies.

The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) "is a nationally representative study that explores the causes of health-related behaviors of adolescents in grades 7 through 12 and their outcomes in young adulthood.... Add Health is the largest, most comprehensive survey of adolescents ever undertaken."

Data at the individual, family, school, and community levels were collected in two waves between 1994 and 1996. In 2001 and 2002, Add Health respondents, 18 to 26 years old, were re-interviewed in a third wave to investigate the influence that adolescence has on young adulthood. Multiple datasets are available for study, and more than 1000 published reports and journal articles have used the data to analyze aspects of these complex issues.

Glen H. Elder, Jr. is pioneer of life-course research. A few of his papers and lectures are available online: SELECTED PRESENTATIONS / MANUSCRIPTS. See also Overview of Dr. Elder's Research. Also, Carolina Population Center, directed by Dr. Elder, has descriptions of a number of classic Life Course Studies that were carried out there.

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Social Science

The Social Science Information Gateway is a general portal to all social sciences. It aims to provide a trusted source of selected, high quality Internet information for students, academics, researchers and practitioners in the social sciences, business and law.

The Social Science Research Network (SSRN " is devoted to the rapid worldwide dissemination of social science research and is composed of a number of specialized research networks in each of the social sciences"

Two online journals: Sociological Research Online " publishes high quality applied sociology, focusing on theoretical, empirical and methodological discussions which engage with current political, cultural and intellectual topics and debates. ". And the Electronic Journal of Sociology.

Another online journal, in existence for over 10 years: Current Research in Social Psychology.

Another omnibus site, connected to a textbook, is Research Resources for the Social Sciences

SocioSite is a portal devoted to sociology as a field and as a profession. It also list an incredible collection of search engines and search tools.

Need a definition? The Online Dictionary of the Social Sciences has it.

The ethnopsychiatrie.net [in French] conducts work on the interface of psychoanalysis and anthropology. See also Le Centre Georges Devereux Some papers are available in English

RePEc and the associated Ideas are part of a "a collaborative effort of over 100 volunteers in 41 countries to enhance the dissemination of research in economics. The heart of the project is a decentralized database of working papers, journal articles and software components. All RePEc material is freely available." The system contains Working Papers, Articles, Chapters, Books, and Software Components. IDEAS is a service providing information about working papers and published research to the economics profession.

C2-SPECTR "is a registry of over 10,000 randomized and possibly randomized trials in education, social work and welfare, and criminal justice." It is maintained by the Campbell Collaboration, and is a resource for the development of systematic reviews.

For Social Network Analysis, the 151 page: Introduction to Social Network Methods by Robert A. Hanneman is a good place to start. Other Social Network resources: International Network for Social Network Analysis has extensive resources, including their journal: Connections with the last few issues available as pdf files; the e-journal: Journal of Social Structure; the Social Network Analysis Instructional Web Site contains numerous handouts on network analysis topics. For actually conducting the analyses (software), the Open Source project: StOCNET is an impressive "project that builds an advanced software system for statistical social network analysis." It is free.. The: UCINET 6 analysis program can be tried for 30 days for free. Also look at: Pajek: Program for Large Network Analysis. Tom Snidjers' Social Network Analysis page has additional links.

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Medicine

Medical symptoms have significant psychological components. Hence, the development of research on medical symptoms (as opposed to diseases is an important development. Here is an interesting hyperlinked Interactive Textbook on Clinical Symptom Research. Topics include: Design of clinical trials; Psychology of patient decision making; Within-patient (n-of-1) studies; Qualitative research methods; Statistics for prognostication; Clinical economics; Quality improvement; Using administrative data sets; Secondary analysis of large surveys; Insomnia; Fatigue; Delirium; Constipation; etc..

FreeBooks4Doctors has identified over 600 books available for free download. For example, there are 22 books on Psychiatry. This is a service of Amedeo.com which offers free weekly updates on medical literature on topics of interest. for example, one can choose choose to be updated about depression, with materials from 19 top journals. They also maintain an excellent list of 1320 free "medical" journals. For example, there are 10 in Psychology, 21 in Psychiatry, etc.

The European Organisation of Family Health Research has information on medical research with a decidedly European slant.

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Evaluation & Program Evaluation

The American Evaluation Association is a major professional organization. See especially their Links page.

Another general evaluation site is: WWW Virtual Library: Evaluation.

There are extensive evaluation web links at this course web site: Program Evaluation in Agriculture and Extension.

For programs contemplating evaluations, an excellent resources is the W. K. Kellogg Foundation Evaluation Toolkit, an online set of resources on designing an evaluation. Other excellent resources from the Kellogg Foundation include their: Evaluation Handbook and their: Logic Model Development Guide.

Judith Wilde and Suzanne Sockey have an online: Evaluation Handbook/

An online: Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation.

Another online periodical from the Harvard Family Research Project is the: Evaluation Exchange.

The: Evaluation Center at the Western Michigan University has extensive resources available. See, for example, their: Evaluation Checklists.

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General Research Resources

A free organizer for all your notes: Idea Notes. It allows Boolean searches across many different notes. Another shareware option to organize your notes is the InfoRapid Cardfile System. It is also useful for organizing images. It can even search pdf documents. Also check out their free enhanced file search utility InfoRapid Search & Replace.



Medline is the place to search the medical literature. Another gateway to the Medline database is through BioMedNet.

A new search engine that organizes its finding in categories, which can help you find what you want easier, is Vivisimo. It can also be used to organize Medline results from PubMed.

Scirus is a search engine devoted solely to the scientific literature (including the biomedical literature). It includes journal articles and preprints in addition to web sites.

The Public Library of Science (PLoS) "is a non-profit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource." Also of interest is the new BioMed Central "an independent publishing house committed to providing immediate free access to peer-reviewed biomedical research" [italics added]. Among their journals that might be of interest are: BMC Health Services Research, BMC Psychiatry, BMC Public Health, Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, & BMC Neuroscience.

Search

Like Medline, ERIC is the place to search the education literature. It contains many specialized documents, such as reports, that may be unavailable anywhere else. This site is closing, but one can still Search Eric.

CiteSeer (aka: researchIndex) describes itself as "Earth's largest free full-text index of scientific literature." At present it is strongest for the hard sciences, e.g., mathematics or computer science.

  Search:

If you're trying to find which online databases abstract, or have full text for a given journal, JAKE is for you.

An incredible idea! Wikipedia "is a multilingual project to create a complete and accurate open content encyclopedia. We started on January 15, 2001 and are currently working on 130456 articles in the English version." Amazingly, anyone can edit any page here, so they are constantly improving. The psychoanalysis section definitely needs some attention, if anyone has some free time. Associated with Wikipeda is the Wikibooks, a project to develop free textbooks. they currently host about 50 in various stages of development.

Then there's Everything2.com! "a very complex online community with a focus to write, publish and edit a quality database of information, art and humor". Currently, it has about 1,000,000 contributions!

E2 is a not-for-profit website containing a wide range of original written material. The material is voluntarily contributed by people from all around the world. These people have a common interest in writing, but otherwise represent a broad spectrum of ages, nationalities and backgrounds.

The Open Directory Project aims to be the most comprehensive directory of the web. It is free as it is maintained by an enormous cadre of volunteers.

A free online library with full-text from 300 magazines and journals: findarticles.com . Contains some professional journals and many popular magazines. Another source, owned by the same company, of free article access is looksmart which claims to have "3.5 million articles from over 700 publications" including a number of psychology and social science journals. [It isn't clear to me if findarticles.com & looksmart access the same or different content.]

An online library, with 400,000 books and articles available. Its by subscription, however Questia

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Research Methodology

First, you MUST check out my Statistics Resources web site! It has resources from elementary to advanced, and is constatly growing.

A good site for social research methods: Resources for Methods in Evaluation and Social Research. It covers such topics as sampling, statistics, survey methods, policy analysis, research about research methods, presenting data and writing reports.

The online quarterly Social Research Update from the Department of Sociology, University of Surrey has short articles on topics from Focus groups and Telephone interviewing to Correspondence analysis, Multilevel models and Secondary analysis of qualitative data.

William M. Trochim of Cornell University has an online comprehensive research methods textbook: Research Methods Knowledge Base .
It is described as

a comprehensive web-based textbook that addresses all of the topics in a typical introductory undergraduate or graduate course in social research methods. It covers the entire research process including: formulating research questions; sampling (probability and nonprobability); measurement (surveys, scaling, qualitative, unobtrusive); research design (experimental and quasi-experimental); data analysis; and, writing the research paper. It also addresses the major theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of research...

Clay Helberg has written a valuable discussion of pitfalls to avoid in statistical data analysis: Pitfalls of Data Analysis (or How to Avoid Lies and Damned Lies)

Paul Hansel has a Political Methodology Page Political Methodology Page, with links on Logic and Research Design, Statsitics, Game Theory, and General-Purpose Data Collections, as well as various International Relations Data Sets

Steve Simon has a web site with an extensive "collection of handouts that I use in my job as a statistical consultant." STATS - STeve's Attempt to Teach Statistics. It includes such important topics as How to Read a Medical Journal Article, Planning your research study Managing Your Research Data.

David Garson of North Carolina State University has a very extensive set of notes on statistical and methodological topics, Statnotes: An Online Textbook including detailed material on advanced topics, including, (among many others) Structural Equation Modeling, Path Analysis, Logistic Regression, Discriminant Function Analysis and less detailed material on dozens of other statistical topics(e.g., Correspondence Analysis, Canonical Correlation, Latent Class Analysis, Multilevel Modeling/Hierarchical Regression, and Partial Least Squares), as well as such non-statistical research topics as Focus Group Research, Participant Observation, Content Analysis, Sociometry and Network Analysis, Ethnographic Research, Narrative Analysis, and Theoretical Frameworks.

Methods of Psychological Research is an online journals published by the Methods Section in the German Psychology Society (DGPs.

Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation (PARE) is an online journal with many methodological articles and an educational assessment orientation.

Q methodology is a technique for the quantitative analysis of repeated intra-individual measurements. It is used in the study of individual psychotherapy cases, as well as other material (e.g., Luborsky's Symptom-Context Method). It forms a bridge between the quantitative and qualitative research traditions. Here is a web page devoted to it: The QMethod Page

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Qualitative Research

A nice detailed introduction to qualitative research methods is available from the Association for Information Systems: Qualitative Research in Information Systems. Its relevance goes well beyond IT.

Available online is: The Qualitative Report: An online journal dedicated to qualitative research since 1990 and another journal: Forum - Qualitative Social Research, a multilingual internalional journal.

Another online journal is the International Journal of Qualitative Methods.

The Qualitative Report web site also has an extensive set of Qualitative Research links

Another fine source on qualitative research, with a health orientation: Qualitative Methods - Internet Resources

Yet another resource list: QualPage: resources for qualitative research

For analysis of "content of human communication, mostly but not limited to text" Text Analysis Info

One of the major techniques of qualitative analysis is content analysis. Here is a site devoted to it: Content Analysis Resources. Also available is An accompaniment to the Content Analysis Guidebook by Kimberly A. Neuendorf

Based on the dictum of Sherlock Holmes: "It is a capital mistake to theorise before one has data", Grounded Theory has emerged as one of the major approaches to qualitative analysis. A good source of materials is: Grounded Theory Methodology On The Web

ETHNO/CA News contains "Information on Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis. Other sites on Conversation Analysis is An Introduction to Conversation Analysis and Conversation Analysis.Net (oriented toward Danish researchers). For Ethnomethodology, see TTeamEthno-Online "a new, free, on-line journal devoted to ethnomethodological and/or ethnographic studies of human conduct.

Ethnography contains links to online resources on ethnographic methods. It includes much practical advice on conducting ethnographic studies. Ethnography, as defined here, is useful in many situations other than those of classical anthropology, such as organizational research.

Here is a comprehensive site devoted to Semiotics, the study of signs, maintained by Martin Ryder of the University of Colorado at Denver. Materials range from beginning to advanced. Another detailed site is Sites of Significance for Semiotics (in English & Français )

Here are a couple of nice introductions to Qualitative Data Analysis: Qualitative Data Analysis (pdf) by John V. Seidel & Theory Building in Qualitative Research and Computer Programs for the Management of Textual Data by Udo Kelle.

Examples of qualitative research can be found in the NIDA Research Monographs: Qualitative Methods in Drug Abuse and HIV Research, available online.

a major technique used in qualitative research is the focus group. Some useful resources: Focus Groups by Anita Gibbs from Social Research Update. Carter McNamara has put together: Conducting Focus Groups.

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Research Software

NOTE: Statistics software is listed on my Statistics Resources web site.

Chris Evans has made available a selection of: Statistical and psychometric utilities for psychotherapy and counselling research.

Here is a site for links regarding various Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis Software

Concept Maps are a useful tool for exploring an individual or group's conceptual structure. The Institute for Human and Machine Cognition of the University of West Florida has developed publicly-available CMaps software for concept mapping (Available for Windows, Mac, Linux, Solaris). Also available commercially ($69.95 at this time)for concept map elicitation,especially in educational contexts is Inspiration. [NOTE: The term Concept Maps has two distinct meanings. the one here was developed by John Novak. See below for Bill Trochim's completely different use. To add to the confusion, both Novak & Trochim are at Cornell!]

Here is a site devoted to Bill Trochim's version of Concept Mapping {Not to be confused with John Novak's use of the term (above).] Concept Mapping Resource Guide. There is also free software, Concept System, available.

Most Qualitative Data Analysis software cost hundreds of dollars. Avaiable for free from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is AnSWR . "AnSWR is a software system for coordinating and conducting large-scale, team-based analysis projects that integrate qualitative and quantitative techniques." Also avaialble is CDC EZ - TEXT from the Divisions of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Preventiom. It is a software program developed to assist researchers create, manage, and analyze semi-structured qualitative databases. Researchers can design a series of data entry templates tailored to their questionnaire. These questionnaires are usually administered during face-to-face interviews with a sample of respondents. A response to a question may be entered into EZ-Text either as a verbatim transcript (e.g., from a tape recording), or a summary generated from the interviewer's notes. For Content Analysis there is: CodeRead - an autocoding mechanism for text-based data "a computer-based system for systematically coding large quantities of free-form textual data. The system’s principal innovation is its ability to generate coding rules from a pre-coded sample of text. This capacity allows for the analysis of much longer textual data than was previously practical. It also insures that the rules used for coding such data are specific and uniformly applied." Also VBPro: Programs for Content Analysis. Now available is the DOS version of Intext

Textalyser will give detailed statistics on a text sample or web site, including word frequency, sentence length, readability, etc. Free and web-based.

For Social Network Analysis, the Open Source project: StOCNET is an impressive "project that builds an advanced software system for statistical social network analysis." It is free.. The: UCINET 6 analysis program can be tried for 30 days for free. Also look at: Pajek: Program for Large Network Analysis is also free.

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Public Use Data Sets & Official Statistics

The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) has many public use data sets available.

FedStats is a gateway to statistics from over 100 federal agencies.

The Data and Story Library "is an online library of datafiles and stories that illustrate the use of basic statistics methods."

The Harvard-MIT Virtual Data Center is creating free software "to enable the sharing of quantitative research data, and the development of distributed virtual collections of data and documentation." This software is currently in use at the Harvard MIT Data Center VDC which makes an extensive collection of data sets available online. You can perform search for topics. A search for tobacco yielded 10 data sets. Some of the data sets from the Murray Research Center collection of longitudinal data are available here. Others are available by request from the Center.

If you are looking for social indicators, archived data sets for secondary analyses, or other online data: Data on the Net is an extensive set of links to social science data available on the web, compiled by the University of California, San Diego.

For UK social and economic data sets, see the UK Data Archive & the Edinburgh University Data Library.

Here is another page with extensive links to data sets, with an emphasis on Canadian data, but many general links.

The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) "is a nationally representative study that explores the causes of health-related behaviors of adolescents in grades 7 through 12 and their outcomes in young adulthood.... Add Health is the largest, most comprehensive survey of adolescents ever undertaken."

Data at the individual, family, school, and community levels were collected in two waves between 1994 and 1996. In 2001 and 2002, Add Health respondents, 18 to 26 years old, were re-interviewed in a third wave to investigate the influence that adolescence has on young adulthood. Multiple datasets are available for study, and more than 1000 published reports and journal articles have used the data to analyze aspects of these complex issues.
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Administer Surveys

You can administer one survey for free for 10 days without paying at: Free Online Surveys.com. After that, you can pay to administer the surveys.

Another source for online survey administration, also with a free trial: PsychData

Yet another source: Web Online Surveys

To figure out what to put in your surveys, don't recreate the wheel. The Question Bank contains many classic surveys for you to draw upon. While based in the UK, it can be very useful in suggesting items to use.

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Writing Research Papers

Here's a source for information on basic APA Style, required by many journals (and professors): APA Style Essentials. See also: PSsychology With Style: A Hypertext Writing Guide. Another source for reference formatting: Summary of Guidelines for Formatting References According to the APA Style Guide: 5th Edition.

There are several useful guides to writing research reports available online. One is A Guide to Report Writing , which is based on the model of an experimental psychology paper, but gives a good brief overview which can be modified for other types of papers. Another is How to Write a Scholarly Research Report by Lawrence M. Rudner & William D. Schafer. Both of these will get you started.

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Research Funding

Community of Science has many resources to aid searches for funding opportunities.

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Political/Social Context of Research

A new online journal places psychology in the broader social context: Social Practice / Psychological Theorizing.

Social Practice / Psychological Theorizing is launched as a modest attempt to bring together, mediate and transform many diverse discourses across disciplines, most of which are rather isolated and dichotomized at present: the psychological and the social, theory and practice, micro and macro, mind and body, reason and emotion, the individual and the society, culture and nature, private and public, male and female, the I and the other, center and periphery, qualitative and quantitative, subjective and objective; plus many further dualities.

Another e-journal: Social Action / Acción Social, a peer-reviewed e-journal published by Psychologists for Social Responsibility and Counselors for Social Justice.

The Union of Concerned Scientists has issued a statement Restoring Scientific Integrity condemning the Bush Administration's radical distortions of scientific knowledge in support of its corporate agenda. The Statement is signed by signed by 19 National Medal of Science signatories and 20 Nobel Laureates, among many others. It is backed up by a report: Scientific Integrity in Policymaking: An Investigation into the Bush Administration's Misuse of Science. [See also the commentary by Mike Morford Mother Nature, The Hate Crime: More than 60 world-class scientists agree: BushCo just really, really loathes this planet and the article on scientific distortion by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. The Junk Science of George W. Bush.]

Tufts University School of Medicine professor of Public Health Anthony Robbins raises the alarm about the Bush Administration's unprecedented stacking of federal scientific advisory committees with those who support administration policies, thus undercutting independent review. Their latest trick is to mandate that only scientists not receiving any grant funding from an agency could sit on review panels. In effect, all independent scientists would be excluded and only those funded by industry would be allowed! Science for special interests.

Alan Sokal is a physicist who is opposed to what he sees as obscurntist, post-modern tendencies in the social/human sciences. He published a supposed "post-modern" critique of physics Transgressing the Boundaries: Toward a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity in the journal Social Text in 1996. The paper consisted of a collection of post-modern phrases interspersed with arbitrarily chosen physics terms, resulting in a paper with no meaning. The paper passed through peer review! Sokal then revealed the hoax at a press conference, covered by the New York Times on the front page, sparking a heated controversy on the role of "objectivity" and "science". Here is an archive of contributions to this controversy. It also contains a link to the clever Postmodernism Generator which randomly generates completely meaningless post-modern contributions to various fields! A new source of papers for students to claim as their own?

[Sample I generated:] "Consciousness is part of the fatal flaw of culture," says Marx. But the subject is contextualised into a capitalist semioticism that includes narrativity as a totality. An abundance of narratives concerning a subsemantic whole may be revealed.
If one examines the textual paradigm of narrative, one is faced with a choice: either reject capitalist sublimation or conclude that culture is used to reinforce hierarchy. In a sense, if neotextual capitalist theory holds, we have to choose between the textual paradigm of narrative and the postdeconstructive paradigm of consensus. The subject is interpolated into a neotextual capitalist theory that includes language as a totality.

Complied by Stephen Soldz

Boston Graduate School of Psychoanalysis
1581 Beacon St.
Brookline, MA 02446
http://soldzresearch.com/stephensoldz


Also check out my other web sites:
Statistics Resources web site
Resources for the Study of Violence
& Psychoanalytic Resources Online

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